In our quest to bring you relevant and exciting information about technology and technology’s role in business we’re going to look at something you may not have heard about just yet – quantum computers. To start, let’s define quantum computers. Current silicon based computer technology is improving at a massive rate. Microprocessors continue to increase in speed and capacity, while shrinking in size. But as we look to the future, quantum computers could be the next major advancement. Simply put, a quantum computer uses particles and atoms to perform its functions at a faster and more energy efficient rate. Subatomic particles can exist in more than one state and are not limited to binary computing’s traditional informational states of 1 and 0.
Recently, scientists have unveiled a new kind of “qubit” which is expected to make quantum computers more advanced. Regular computers bits store information using a binary yes-no system which works like a wire with or without current. However, with the invention of these qubits, it will be possible to search large volumes of unsorted data to uncover anomalies quickly. The latest discovery proves that it’s possible for quantum computers to sort out items in a database simultaneously within seconds. Although research shows can this can be done using parallel computers; it takes an incredible amount of time especially if the amount of data being handled is very large.
The discovery was made earlier this week by a team of professors from the US and Australia. They claim to have found a new type of qubit that can be used to create a new kind of quantum computing system. This new type of quantum system is built using silicon the same way other parts of ordinary computers are built, but it’s scalable, and space saving. Nonetheless, we are yet to see how this new technology works since it hasn’t become commercial yet.
What Should We Expect From This New Kind of Quantum Computers?
According to the researchers, these qubits will bring a few benefits to quantum computing such as few error rates. One of the challenges facing quantum computers is the presence of fragile qubits, which makes them prone to frequent errors. With the introduction of this new kind of qubits, errors that exist in quantum computing will be reduced significantly. Since these qubits are built into silicon, and magnetic fields control them, that means they can be successfully integrated into silicon chips. They also claim that the qubits don’t have to be close together for them to interact, which means manufacturers of quantum computers can integrate non-quantum computers in the space created between qubits.
The recent discovery is just one among the many ideas researchers have been working on. You might have heard about D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer which is said to be the most complex computer globally. It’s a type of quantum computer which uses a superconducting processor to create qubits which rapidly accelerate computation. According to Na Young Kim, who is an associate professor of Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo, this invention is a significant advancement in quantum computing. Currently, ion traps and superconducting systems are at the frontline in quantum computing. However, researchers have to overcome several challenges such as phonons and handling of noise before the technology is released into the market.